Skip to main content

Apparent Behavior collection

Identifier: COD0000073-ACC undated-0008

Consists of an original 16mm print and a restored 16mm print of the film "Studies of Apparent Behavior." The collection also contains some modern interpretations by recent film students, as well as an interview with Karl Heider, son of the filmmaker, about his father's experiment.


  • 1943-2010



This collection has been processed. Portions may be viewed online; the remainder may be accessed upon request.

For more information contact curator Amy Ciesielski at

Copyright and Use

The original Heider-Simmel film is public domain. Other materials copyright University of South Carolina. All rights reserved.


675 feet of film

4 items (Four digital files including three remakes of the original film and one interview with Karl Heider.)

1 Linear Feet

Historical Note

The original animated film was utilized in a classic experiment in cognitive psychology in which subjects were requested to interpret a film of three geometrical figures shown moving in various directions and at various speeds. This became a landmark study in the field of interpersonal perception, in particular in relation to the attribution process when making judgments of others and published in an article in the American Journal of Psychology in April 1944: “An Experimental Study of Apparent Behavior” by Fritz Heider and Marianne Simmel.

Physical Location

Moving Image Research Collections (MIRC). 707 Catawba St. Columbia, SC 29208.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Original film donated by Karl Heider, son of Fritz Heider.

Related Materials

Heider family films collection.


Repository Details

Part of the Moving Image Research Collections (MIRC) Repository

707 Catawba Street
Columbia SC 29208

Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script