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Wilfrid Hardy Callcott papers

Identifier: SCL-MS-14616

The papers in this collection, approximately twelve linear feet, represent all phases of Wilfrid Hardy Callcott’s life and academic career. He carefully preserved his papers and letters from the time he was in grammar school and, after his death, his son George Hardy Callcott (b.1929), Professor of History at the University of Maryland, collected, organized, and annotated the family archive. As a result of that effort, the voluminous records of Callcott’s academic life have been preserved. In addition, ancillary letters, diaries, and documents from his parents and siblings, especially his older brother Frank (1891-1979), long-time professor of Spanish at Columbia University, are included in the papers.

Series I, Correspondence In the 1960s, Wilfrid Hardy Callcott gathered material for a biography of his father, George Hardy Callcott (1857-1931), completed a manuscript, but died before he could have it published. The letters written by his father, 1878-1884, before he immigrated to the United States and settled in Texas, provided much of the information incorporated in Mr. George: An English Immigrant to Texas (privately printed, 1969), and are included in the collection. The strength of the collection, however, is the continuity of correspondence that documents Wilfred Hardy Callcott’s entire life. During his college and army years 1914-1923, Callcott and his mother, Mary Ireland Callcott (1860-1934) exchanged letters every week; less frequent letters are found from his brother Frank, other relatives, and friends. After 1923, when Callcott moved to Columbia to take a job at the University of South Carolina, letters from his parents, and letters to them from Wilfrid, continued until 1929 when his parents moved to Columbia to live. The brothers, Frank and Wilfrid, wrote each other on alternating Sundays for decades, and many of those letters survive, right up until Wilfrid’s death in September 1969.

Series II, Family Papers The letters are supplemented by diaries, ledgers, journals, legal papers, diplomas, transcripts, photographs, and newspaper clippings. Even though this collection focuses primarily on the academic career of Wilfrid Hardy Callcott, there are other significant topics that are illuminated by the material. Life in rural Texas in the years after 1900 is illustrated through the diaries of Frank Callcott, 1902-1908, while the family still lived on the farm. After Wilfred entered college in 1914, his diaries and ledgers provide information about student life and events at Southwestern University in Georgetown, Texas. For the period 1919-1923, there is much information about Columbia University, where Wilfrid studied for his M. A. and Ph. D. degrees, and Hoboken Academy where he taught while a graduate student. Travel by automobile in the 1920s is documented by the travel logs that George Hardy Callcott (1857-1931) prepared for trips from Texas to South Carolina in 1924 and 1926 and by travel diaries written by Mary Ireland Callcott on the same trips.

Series III, Topical The topical files contain miscellaneous information about Wilfrid Callcott’s tenure as president of Coker College (1968-1969), newspaper clippings that chronicle Dr. Callcott’s academic career, and reviews of the books that Dr. Callcott authored.

Series IV, Photographs The dozen or so photographs in this series include a few photographs from the World War I period as well as images from Dr. Callcott’s years as teacher and administrator.


  • 1878 - 2003


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

All rights reside with creator. For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact The South Caroliniana Library.


11.25 Linear Feet (9 cartons 5 oversize folders)


1895: November 12th, Wilfrid Hardy Callcott was born near San Marcos (Guadalupe County, Texas), the fourth child of George Hardy (1857-1931) and Mary Ireland Callcott (1860-1934)

1908: Family moved to Sabinal, Texas

1913: Graduated from Sabinal High School (Sabinal, Texas)

1914: Entered Southwestern University (Georgetown, Texas)

1917: Left school and joined the United States Army, 11 December 1917

1918: Served in the American Expeditionary Forces from 28 October 1918 until 2 March 1919 as a private and later corporal in the 500th Aero Squadron

1919: Awarded A. B. cum laude by Southwestern University

1919: Entered Columbia University (New York City), to begin graduate work in history and international law. Took a job at Hoboken Academy (Hoboken, New Jersey), teaching Spanish and history

1920: Awarded M.A. degree by Columbia University

1921: Began teaching history courses in the Columbia University Extension Division

1923: Accepted associate professor of history position at the University of South Carolina

1925: August 5th, married Grace Otter (1893-1929), the daughter of James Hartwell and Alice Wernie Otter of Danville, Kentucky

1926: Awarded Ph.D. upon the publication of his dissertation Church and State in Mexico, 1822-1857

1929: June 9th, death of Grace Otter Callcott.

1931: Publication of Liberalism in Mexico, 1857-1929

1932: July 29th, married Rebecca Marshall Anderson (b. 1908), daughter of Thomas Carson and Nanie Thomason Anderson of Ninety-Six, S.C.

1936: Publication of Santa Anna: The Story of an Enigma Who Once Was Mexico

1942: Publication of Caribbean Policy of the United States, 1890-1920

1944: Appointed dean of graduate school and placed in charge of the new USC Press

1948: Completed manuscript for “History of the Foreign Policies of the United States”

1955: Appointed Dean of Faculty at USC

1958: Awarded Litt. D. by Southwestern University

1960: Appointed Dean of the University of South Carolina

1961: Retired as Dean of the University of South Carolina

1963-1964: Senior Fulbright Lecturer, Oxford University

1968: Publication of The Western Hemisphere: Its Influence on United States Policies to the End of World War II

1968-1969: Interim President of Coker College (Hartsville, S.C.)

1969: Awarded Litt. D. by Coker College

1969: 20 September 1969. Died in Houston, Texas, while serving as visiting professor of history at the University of Houston


Author, historian, professor, and administrator of University of South Carolina, an association that lasted from 1923 to 1968; served as visiting professor at the University of Texas, Wofford College, and the University of Houston; died 1969.

For further reading, see the extensive bibliographic note.

Repository Details

Part of the South Caroliniana Library Repository

910 Sumter St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA
(803) 777-5747 (Fax)

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