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Malcolm Argyle Franklin collection

Identifier: SCU-RB-2002-4

Malcolm Argyle Franklin was born on December 3, 1923 in Shanghai, China to Cornell and Estelle Franklin. His father, Cornell, was in the import business. In 1929, Estelle Franklin returned to her hometown of Oxford, Mississippi, after divorcing Cornell and married William Faulkner. Her children from her previous marriage, Malcolm and Victoria, grew up as a member of the Faulkner family at Rowan Oak. Malcolm’s memories of those years are the subject of the book he published Bitterweeds: Life with William Faulkner at Rowan Oak (1977). During the late 1930s and early 1940s, Franklin assisted in animal research at the University of Mississippi School of Medicine and the Medical University of South Carolina. Franklin joined the U.S. Army in 1943 and served as a combat medic in Europe. While he was serving the army he wrote many letters to his mother, Estelle Faulkner which are included in the collection. After World War II, Franklin returned to China to attend lectures at St. John’s University in Shanghai, the Union Medical College in Peking, and to collect parasitical and pathological materials. He returned to the United States to earn a B.A. from the University of Mississippi in 1949. While taking periodic graduate work, Franklin furthered his career in animal research at the University of Mississippi and later the Medical College of South Carolina at Charleston where he lived the rest of his life. During his career, he presented and published a number of papers on parasites in wild and domesticated animals. He was also a member of the American Society of Parasitologists and the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Franklin was married twice. He married his first wife, Gloria, in Shanghai in 1948. They had one child together, Mark Argyle Franklin born in 1954. They divorced in 1957. His second wife was Jeanne Huger Franklin. After a long illness, Franklin died on November 30, 1977 in Charleston, South Carolina. He was buried in St. Peter’s Cemetery in Oxford, Mississippi in the Faulkner family plot. The collection of Malcolm Argyle Franklin in the Irvin Department of Rare Books and Special Collections spans the time from Franklin’s introduction into the U.S. Army in May of 1943 to his death in 1977. The collection includes his World War II letters, much of his correspondence to and from other members of the Faulkner family as well as those outside the family, science notes and papers, as well as legal and financial materials.


  • 1847 - 1978


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

All rights reside with the creator. For permission to reproduce or publish, please contact Irvin Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.


17 boxes


Organized in seven series: I. General; II. Correspondence; III. Biography; IV. Scientific Writings; V. Legal and Financial; VI. Faulkner Family Papers; VII. Oversize

Repository Details

Part of the Irvin Department of Rare Books and Special Collections Repository

Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene Street
Columbia SC 29208 USA
(803) 777-3847

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