"Debate on Articles of Impeachment", 24-31 July 1974
Public Papers (19 lf.) is divided into three sub-series: South Carolina House of Representatives, US House of Representatives, and Speeches. The South Carolina House materials, 1949 to 1952, is arranged chronologically and consists chiefly of correspondence from constituents and members of the General Assembly regarding issues such as education, income tax, and highways. The Legislative Appointments file from 1949 contains letters seeking support from candidates for various state positions.
The U.S. House materials, 1969 to 1978, consist of General Papers, Bills, Judiciary Committee Records, and Voting Records. General Papers are arranged chronologically and include correspondence and research materials. Much of the correspondence consists of carbon copies of Mann's replies to constituent letters which are not present. Topics include Labor, Energy, Textiles, and Consumer Protection. The years 1970 to 1972 contain VIP correspondence from congressmen, cabinet members, and the President. Also of general interest are Mann's statements in the Congressional Record and press releases, filed at the end of the General Papers.
Significant topical files include those regarding the Select Committee on Crime, Powers of the Presidency Conference, Democratic Research Organization Committee to Investigate a Balanced Federal Budget, and Informal House Textile Committee. For several years, Mann sponsored an annual trip to Washington for high school seniors from his district. The Select Committee on Crime papers, 1973, chiefly concern gambling on greyhound racing in Arizona and narcotics. Scholarship Trip files contain the names of students selected for the trip and correspondence with schools, parents, and students.
Records for the Informal House Textile Committee and Democratic Research Organization's Committee to Investigate a Balanced Federal Budget span more than one year. Files for both committees are found under 1978, the last year for which records are present. The Informal House Textile Committee file, 1975 to 1978, reflects Mann's activities as chairman of the bipartisan committee of over 100 House members. Included is a copy of H.Res. 856, introduced by Mann, regarding reciprocal foreign trade policies, as well as correspondence with Presidents Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, and other committee members. Mann joined the Committee to Investigate a Balanced Federal Budget, created by the Democratic Research Organization, in 1976. The committee held hearings in March, April, and May 1976 for the purpose of “formulating and developing the language for a concept that will bring about a balanced federal budget.” Included are statements from those hearings and other memoranda, 1976 and 1978.
Powers of the Presidency Conference files, 1975, contain research material and papers presented at the conference as well as two papers that may have been authored or co-authored by Mann. The research material includes committee prints of the War Powers Resolution, 23 April 1975; “A Brief History of Emergency Powers in the United States” working paper, July 1974; and a House document containing excerpts and a bibliography relating to PL 88-246, a bill on curtailing the powers of the presidency.
Bills primarily consist of bills sponsored or co-sponsored by Mann during the 93rd through 95th Congresses, 1973 to 1978, with accompanying correspondence. Lists of the bills are included for the 92nd through 95th Congresses [1971 to 1978]. A “Legislative Profile” summarizes each of the bills sponsored or co-sponsored by Mann for the 95th Congress [1977 to 1978].
Judiciary Committee files, 1973 to 1978, consist of correspondence, analyses, testimony, and research materials chiefly concerning the Nixon impeachment inquiry, Nixon's pardon, and the nominations of Gerald Ford and Nelson Rockefeller as Vice-President. Files also document Mann's work as a member of the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice on the Speedy Trial Act of 1974 and the Criminal Code Reform Act of 1978. Files pertaining to Ford’s nomination consist chiefly of research materials and excerpts of hearing testimony. General files contain correspondence with the White House, congressional memoranda regarding the proceedings, and statements made on the floor of the House. Research materials describe Ford's background and career, analyze his philosophy, and examine the implications of the twenty-fifth amendment to the Constitution regarding presidential succession. Testimony files include excerpts and lists of possible questions. Transcripts of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration nomination hearings and the unedited stenographic minutes of the House Committee on the Judiciary are also included in this series.
Impeachment Inquiry files from 1973 chiefly consist of hearing testimony, evidence, and correspondence from constituents on whether or not impeachment inquiry sessions should commence. The majority of the letters advocate impeachment inquiry proceedings and reflect a distrust of President Nixon after he fired Watergate special prosecutors Archibald Cox and William Ruckelshaus. 1974 files contain correspondence, extensive hearing testimony and evidence, committee prints, drafts and a copy of the final report, and research materials. The General file contains assessments of the evidence the committee reviewed and a draft of the minority opinion. Constituent correspondence and telephone messages reflect considerable support for impeachment. Many praised Mann's conduct during the proceedings, and some stated that the Judiciary Committee's actions restored their faith in the political process. While many letters refer to strong support for Nixon in the Fourth District, few pro-Nixon letters are found in the collection.
Impeachment Inquiry Hearings files contain testimony and evidence, chiefly in bound volumes. Statements of Information were selected from the Senate Select Committee hearings and printed for the House Judiciary Committee. Inclusive dates for the events described are 2 Dec. 1971 to June 1974. A summary of the contents is printed at the beginning of each volume. House Stenographic Minutes are the unrevised and unedited transcripts of the House Judiciary Committee Hearings, July 1974. Photocopies of evidence submitted during the hearing accompany the relevant testimony. Of particular interest is the Comparisons of White House and Judiciary Committee Transcripts of Eight Recorded Presidential Conversations comparing selections from the transcripts the President submitted to the Committee in April 1974 and the same passages as transcribed by the Impeachment Inquiry staff. Arguments on behalf of the President are found in Statement of Information Submitted on Behalf of President Nixon, Books I-IV and Brief Submitted on Behalf of the President of the United States.
Other impeachment related topical files include Index to Investigative Files, an “index to the source materials accumulated by the impeachment inquiry staff of the House Committee on the Judiciary.” These materials include testimony transcripts and evidence placed before the Senate Select Committee (SSC) or the House Judiciary Committee. People who testified before the SSC are listed alphabetically in the SSC public testimony section. The Index also lists testimony from other trials and before other committees which are not included in this collection. The Summary of Information file briefly describes the case against the President regarding Watergate, Abuse of Presidential Powers, Refusal of the President to Comply with Subpoenas from the Committee on the Judiciary, and Willful Tax Evasion. The Supplemental Submission Concerning the Bombing of Cambodia consists of maps of Cambodia, a memorandum titled “Statement of Statutory Law Relating to the Bombing of Cambodia,” three court opinions in Holtzman v. Schlesinger, and Cambodian protests filed with the United Nations in the twenty-seven months preceding the 18 March 1970 overthrow of Prince Sihanouk's government.
Rockefeller Confirmation files consist chiefly of hearing transcripts of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration and research material used by the Judiciary Committee. The general file contains a statement by committee chairman Peter Rodino, potential questions for Rockefeller, and Mann's notes.
The Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Criminal Code Reform Act of 1978 file chiefly consists of research material on topics such as appellate reform, capital punishment, extortion, firearms, sex offenses, and criminal sentencing. Staff memoranda and correspondence are also present.
Voting Records list Mann's vote on every roll call vote during his terms in office, excluding his last session. A subject guide provides a brief summary of the bills by roll call number and lists sponsors and co-sponsors. Voting Comparisons for the 91st through 93rd Congresses, 1969 to 1974, contrast Mann's record with both the House as a whole and other members of the South Carolina delegation.
Speeches, 1949 to 1952 and 1969 to 1978, consists of drafts and research material for speeches Mann made as a member of the General Assembly and Congress. Campaign speeches are filed with Mann’s Personal Papers.
- 24-31 July 1974
Library Use Only
From the Collection: 28.75 Linear Feet
Part of the South Carolina Political Collections Repository
Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA