GUBERNATORIAL PAPERS, 1965-1973, is arranged in nine subseries: General; Appointments; Executive Orders; Extraditions; Invitations; Messages to the General Assembly; Receipts for Acts; Staff Files; and Topical Files.
General papers include correspondence, memoranda and other records of a general nature, arranged chronologically.
Appointments document McNair‘s appointments to a variety of boards, commissions, and state offices. Material in this sub-series is arranged under County-wide appointments, General Assembly appointments, and South Carolina (state-wide) appointments.
Executive Orders (2 folders) are official executive orders on a variety of subjects signed by the Governor.
Extraditions document requests from other states for the extradition of individuals sought for criminal trial in those states. They are arranged alphabetically by state, and thereunder by year and personal name of each fugitive.
Invitations consist of accepted invitations for speaking engagements and other events, and include related documentation. Some invitation correspondence is located in the Speeches series as it was originally filed with copies of the relevant remarks. Invitations are arranged chronologically by date of the event.
Messages to the General Assembly consist of the Governor‘s official Messages to the General Assembly.
Receipts for Acts consists of brief versions of final acts passed by the General Assembly for the Governor to sign. These include short descriptions of provisions included in the acts.
Staff Files consists chiefly of correspondence of liaison officer Robert Alexander and legal advisor Henry Lake. Topical files maintained by Alexander have been merged into the Topical Files sub-series to ensure that like materials are united. Lake‘s topical files relate to the legal aspects of subjects or issues, and therefore have been kept separate. "County" files maintained by Alexander include correspondence concerning school desegregation, the establishment of industry, federal aid for building construction, VISTA, declarations of states of emergency, and post offices.
Topical Files relate to a variety of subjects which came to Governor McNair‘s attention and typically include correspondence, memoranda, and reports. Topics range from adult education to youth and include files concerning state departments, commissions, and educational institutions.
Significant records regarding civil rights and education relate to the desegregation of the public schools. The collection contains significant records relating to this and the reaction across the state and nation. Dozens of constituent letters present in the collection applaud McNair for his firm stand and leadership on this divisive issue.
The Lamar Incident drew a flood of mail from across South Carolina and the nation. These letters have been separated into in-state and out-of-state files under the heading "Civil Rights, Desegregation, Lamar Incident." There is also a Lamar file in the clippings series.
The Orangeburg Incident, also referred to as the Orangeburg Massacre, garnered national attention as well. A large portion of files can be found under "Civil Rights," including general files, AP wire releases, executive orders and governor‘s statements, a file on student leader Cleveland Sellers, and letters from the public concerning the government‘s handling of the situation. Researchers should refer to "Education, Higher, Colleges and Universities, South Carolina State College" and the clippings series for possible additional material. The State Attorney General, under "South Carolina," also has a file, 1968-1969, on Cleveland Sellers.
The files on the strike at the Medical College of South Carolina include a large amount of correspondence from the public and material concerning the handling of the situation by both McNair and the Medical College. These folders are located under "Civil Rights, Medical College of South Carolina," and in the clippings series. Additional material about the Medical College in general can be found under "Education, Higher."
The "Moody Report" files include material from Moody‘s Investor Services and Campus Facilities Associates, the compilers of the report. Correspondence and study reports make up the bulk of the files, but there is also a report summary as well as a complete report, mailing lists, and material on the 1968 Wampee meeting and opposition to the plan.
Governors' Conferences include material from meetings of the National, National Democratic, and Southern conferences. In some years, mid-year national meeting information is available, and in these cases annual and mid-year meetings have been distinguished.
Natural Resources materials relate to a variety of issues involving air quality and water. There is unavoidable overlap of Natural Resources with other subjects. For instance, water materials relate also to the South Carolina Water Resources Commission and South Carolina Appalachian Regional Planning and Development Commission.
The proposed location of a German Badische Anilin und Soda Fabrik [BASF] chemical plant near Hilton Head resulted in a storm of opposition from late 1969 through 1970. Included in the flood of letters to the Governor‘s office was one from future president Jimmy Carter in Plains, Georgia. He wrote: "I am intensely interested personally in the strictest protection of our estuarine areas, and hope that you will do everything in your power to prevent any possibility of damage, even to the extent of relocation of the plant if necessary." Others, however, were very concerned about maintaining the positive image South Carolina was developing among domestic and foreign investors, and called for caution before summarily rejecting BASF. Speaker of the House Sol Blatt sent McNair a copy of Blatt‘s response to a concerned citizen [26 Dec. 1969]: "Before we stop the investment of hundreds of millions of dollars in South Carolina by some foreign corporation because of pollution, we must be certain of our position or otherwise our state will begin to lose industry which we so badly need." According to a memorandum, McNair‘s office had received approximately 350 letters on the subject by 6 March 1970, and mail continued to pour in until at least October.
Armed Services records include correspondence regarding the war in Vietnam. Several form letters were used by the governor to express condolences to the families of South Carolinian casualties, and sample letters have been retained as part of this collection. A Vietnam folder includes material concerning the RSVP program. Secretary of State files include official and unofficial state and county election returns for November 8, 1966. This election encompassed the U.S. Senate races of Ernest F. Hollings vs. Marshall Parker and Strom Thurmond vs. Bradley Morrah, as well as the U.S. Representative race between William Jennings Bryan Dorn and John Grisso. These returns also include state Senators and Representatives and proposed amendments to the state constitution. Official election returns are arranged alphabetically by county.
Persons folders have been created when significant correspondence exists between particular individuals and the Governor. These files are not necessarily comprehensive, and additional correspondence with these individuals may be found among other files in the collection, especially Topical Files, Appointments, and Personal Papers.
Library use only.
From the Collection: 135 Linear Feet
Part of the South Carolina Political Collections Repository
Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA