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Gubernatorial Papers


Collection Description Hollings' gubernatorial papers are divided between two repositories--South Carolina Political Collections (SCPC) and the South Carolina Department of Archives and History (SCDAH). The collections consist of a total of 37 linear feet of material, 22 feet held by SCPC, and 15 feet by SCDAH. The papers were processed in 1992 by staff of the Hollings Papers Project at SCPC. This finding aid contains the Box list for materials at SCPC. Box list for records at SCDAH available upon request.

Papers are arranged in twelve series, listed below. Press Releases and Topical Files are present in records held at both SCPC and SCDAH. When records from a series are held by only one repository, that repository is noted in parentheses.

General (SCDAH) Correspondence (SCPC) Executive Department Studies (SCPC) Executive Orders (SCDAH) Messages to the General Assembly (SCDAH) News Briefs (SCPC) Press Conference Anticipated Questions (SCPC) Press Releases Speeches (SCDAH) Topical Files Financial Records (SCDAH) Miscellany (SCDAH)


  • 1943-2009


From the Collection: 800 Linear Feet

Biographical Note

As governor of South Carolina, Ernest F. "Fritz" Hollings proved an energetic, forceful, and progressive leader who altered both the face of South Carolina and the fabric of the office itself. During his term of office, from January 20, 1959 to January 15, 1963, he made constant efforts to improve the state's educational system at all levels, to develop industry, and to create jobs. Speaking at the Governor's Conference on Business, Industry, Education and Agriculture, held in Columbia in October 1961, Hollings proclaimed--"Today, in our complex society, education is the cornerstone upon which economic development must be built--and prosperity assured." Hollings developed the authority of the office of governor and used that power to work with the General Assembly in developing the state's resources and programs. The legacy from his term in office includes the establishment of the state's technical education system and its educational television network. While creating a skilled labor pool attractive to business, the technical education system also improved employment opportunities for South Carolinians in general. Furthermore, Hollings called for and saw enacted sweeping changes in the state's educational system. Included in this legislation were significant increases in teachers' salaries, bringing them closer to the regional average. Hollings is also credited for his determination, once it was obvious that South Carolina's schools would be integrated, that integration occur without the bloodshed and hostility which characterized this experience in other Southern states. Plans initiated under Hollings' administration led eventually to the peaceful integration of higher education in South Carolina at Clemson University shortly after Hollings left office. Hollings previously had served as Lieutenant Governor under George Bell Timmerman, Jr., and before that, represented Charleston in the state's General Assembly. In 1962, while Governor, he ran unsuccessfully for the United States Senate, challenging the aging but popular Olin D. Johnston in the Democratic primary. Hollings was elected in November 1966 to the Senate in a special election to fill the unexpired term of Senator Johnston, who had passed away in 1965.

Digitized Material

Eleven speeches from Hollings' years as Lt. Governor and Governor, including his 1959 Gubernatorial Inaugural Address and 1963 historic final speech to the General Assembly, and a letter from Governor Hollings to Senator John F. Kennedy in August of 1960 about the U.S. textile industry and Kennedy's response two days later, are all available online in "Fritz Hollings: In His Own Words," a collection of writings, photographs, audio files, and speeches. The cover of one of these speeches, an address to the South Carolina Education Association in 1959.


Repository Details

Part of the South Carolina Political Collections Repository

Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA