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Democratic National Committee

 File — Box: 1
From the Series: General papers from 1946 document Timmerman’s efforts to win election as Lieutenant Governor. In writing Democratic Party leaders across the state during July, Timmerman introduced himself as “the youngest candidate in the race – in my thirty-fourth year. I volunteered my services in World War II, and served in the navy for the duration of the war, in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, encountering German submarines in one and Jap suicide planes in the other. I feel sure that I stand for those things in public life which you and your friends would approve. I have not been in politics before. I owe no political debts. Hence, I am in position to serve the best interests of the people fairly and impartially. I have no political boss, except the people.” His father worked behind the scenes supporting his son and name recognition certainly helped him carry the race. Newberry College president James C. Kinard summed up the situation nicely, on Sept. 4, 1946 writing Judge Timmerman, “While we voted for your son in his own right many of us in doing so naturally thought of his distinguished father.” Letters marked “sample” provide examples of form letters sent out by the campaign.

A copy of a seven-page letter, Oct. 11, 1948, from state senator Edgar Brown to Joe Blythe, Treasurer of the National Democratic Committee, presents Brown’s thoughts on “why I think the Democratic Party is disintegrating, or, stated another way, why Southern Democrats are in open revolt against the present leadership of the Party.”

Material from 1953 includes copies of correspondence of state senator Milo Smith with fellow senators drawing them out regarding Timmerman’s possible candidacy for governor. George Grantham wrote, “his prospects will be materially affected by whether Thurmond enters the race. . . . Bates has lined up some of the professional politicians in the county. . . . I am sure that you are aware of . . . the apparent ambition of our mutual friend, Marion Gressette, to occupy the Governor’s seat.” James Hugh McFaddin noted, “We are in the midst of the race (white–colored) question here and vote will be entirely upon that issue.” W. Lewis Wallace expressed concern, “I would be unfair to you if I did not point out that Georges’ aloofness and his failure to fraternize with all the members of the Legislature is not going to be helpful to his candidacy.”

Early in 1954, Timmerman announced his intention to run for Governor. Typical of the many letters he received offering their support was one from prominent Columbia attorney R. Beverly Herbert, “Your statement on the segregation matter is, I believe, the best I have seen. . . . I think the difficulty in working out any kind of orderly school system without segregation would be almost insurmountable. . . . When you set up your organization I will try to help you in this county.” Former state senator Calhoun Mays wrote, Jan. 28, 1954, “[Y]ou are to my opinion the best bet for some one to defeat a certain other candidate whose selection would be most unfortunate to the State.”

The campaign was a brutal one. Bates ran on his record as a successful businessman, but was accused of mismanaging the Capital Life and Health Insurance Company, which he founded in 1936. The charges were damaging. Governor Jimmy Byrnes, who supported Timmerman, ordered the State Insurance Commissioner to examine the company. The report, issued after the election, showed the company was sound. A file on Bates includes two versions of a Bates campaign speech and his statement, May 26, responding to the “reports which have been used against it [Capital Life] for political reasons and calculated, in our judgment, to destroy the confidence of its policyholders.”

Columbia’s African American newspaper, the Lighthouse and Informer, published by Modjeska Simkins, opposed Timmerman’s election. In May, a sheet was circulated that charged that Timmerman favored desegregated schools. In a letter to Bennettsville attorney J.E. Dudley, May 20, 1954, Timmerman called the sheet “the big lie of this campaign,” and noted that he had challenged Bates “to answer whether or not he denies having NAACP support.” A typescript excerpt of “Charles Wickenberg Reporting,” May 3, 1954, quotes Wickenberg’s interview of Mrs. Simkins. Asked for a response to Timmerman’s charge that the NAACP had degenerated into a subversive organization, Mrs. Simkins stated, “I consider that it would be beneath my contempt to even answer that. He knows it is not true.”

The advertising file contains flyers, drafts of speeches and a television program, and “Recommendations for Advertising” from the firm of Bradley, Graham & Hamby.

“Segregation” files are chiefly as kept by Timmerman. Civic leader Eunice Ford Stackhouse took Timmerman to task in a letter of June 10, 1954, noting his “contemptuous tone” in referring to African Americans James Hinton and Modjeska Simkins and encouraging him to appoint a bi-racial committee to consider segregation.

Following his Democratic primary victory, Timmerman, in June and July of 1954, began planning for his gubernatorial term and handling patronage requests. Edgar Brown wrote, in a “Personal and Confidential” letter of Nov. 12, 1954, asking Timmerman to “clear out” the Constabulary, noting specific constables who had worked against Brown.

Voluminous files of Congratulatory Letters demonstrate the importance many voters and leaders in South Carolina government placed on Timmerman’s election. Typical was the letter written by Judge Bruce Littlejohn, June 25, 1954: “Problems confronting the governor’s office during the next four years will be perhaps some of the most difficult facing any governor since reconstruction days.” Industrialist Roger Milliken wrote, July 7, 1954, “A great many people have told me of the important part that you have played in bringing to South Carolina the kind of government that has made it possible for the industries of the State to grow and has also made it attractive for additional industries to come into the State. It is very encouraging for those of us who have made such decisions and investments to know that the same kind of thinking that has prevailed will continue.” Mrs. George Kerr of Bennettsville provides insights into the campaign and shows the emotional connection some voters found to Timmerman, writing on June 4, 1954, “the towns of Bennettsville and McColl have been well covered with the printed handbill, ‘The Big Lie Expose.’ By a stroke of luck, our printer miscounted and made up nearly double the order; he made us a present of all the extra ones. So everyone for miles around received it, inserted in the daily newspaper. . . . Please know that there are literally thousands like us who, however amateurishly, want to help you. . . . People like ourselves with a lot of little children have been strengthened by your stand.”

The March 1957 annual meeting of the South Carolina Council on Human Relations, a bi-racial organization, generated a letter from Marion Gressette, Mar. 22, 1957, “I don’t suppose there is anything we can do about the meeting. . . .” A transcript of the meeting’s afternoon panel session is also present. It was moderated by Gren Seibels and featured panelists Traugott Kern of the Chamber of Commerce, USC faculty member Robert H. Patterson, and Walker E. Solomon of the Palmetto Teachers Association, 34 pages.

Ernest F. “Fritz” Hollings served as Timmerman’s Lt. Governor and succeeded him as governor. A letter, July 11, 1958, from Hollings thanks Timmerman for his offer of help “to familiarize myself with the details of the office,” and notes, “The election enthusiasm runs away with some people and many things come my way that are really matters for attention by your office. For this reason I want you to know that I fully realize we ain’t even elected yet much less taken the oath of office, and I don’t want to do anything to give a contrary appearance.”

Papers from 1964 include speaking points for the presidential campaign supporting incumbent Lyndon Johnson over Republican Barry Goldwater. The source of the points is unclear, but they originated in South Carolina and address civil rights and the rise of the Republican Party: at “issue is whether we are to abandon our traditional system of free and independent elections for a so-called two-party system….”

General papers of 1966 chiefly relate to Timmerman’s campaign to succeed retiring judge T. B. Greneker of Edgefield as Judge of South Carolina’s 11th Judicial Circuit. The Circuit included Edgefield, McCormick, Lexington and Saluda counties. Timmerman and his friends and supporters worked diligently seeking pledges of support from the members of the General Assembly, who would elect Greneker’s replacement. Speaker Sol Blatt reached out to members of the General Assembly promoting Timmerman’s selection, and noted, July 14, 1966, that Timmerman “is being endorsed by the Bars all over the State and I feel certain will get by without opposition but a pledge from you will be helpful.” In fact, he was elected without opposition and early 1967 papers consist chiefly of congratulatory letters received from people of all walks of life.

Dates

  • 1954

Access

Libratry Use Only

Extent

From the Collection: 2.5 Linear Feet

Creator

Repository Details

Part of the South Carolina Political Collections Repository

Contact:
Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA
803-777-0577