Campaigns [See also: Clippings], 1968, U.S. Senate
The Personal series, the largest in the collection, includes a number of subseries. Campaign files incorporate correspondence, publicity, schedules, invitations, and other documents from Culbertson’s races for public office, from 1940 through 1980. Education files generally postdate Culbertson’s years in school, but provide information about his educational career. A scrapbook with photographs, letters, invitations, and other memorabilia from his college days is included in the collection (housed in Oversized materials). The Events subseries primarily documents gatherings hosted by the Culbertsons, widely known for their hospitality. These events were held in honor of special guests, including judges and out-of-town visitors. The files consist largely of acceptances, regrets, and thank-you notes by attendees and honorees.
Family papers include extensive information about Culbertson’s parents and their home place in Laurens County, as well as correspondence with aunts, cousins, siblings, and children. Of particular interest are Culbertson’s communications with his brother-in-law, Louis Bryan, who worked in Washington, D.C. for a number of years, some of them for Culbertson’s friend, Senator Olin Johnston. Culbertson and Bryan enjoyed discussing the political scene in Washington and South Carolina.
Federal Bureau of Investigation files detail Culbertson’s tenure as a Special Agent in the FBI, circa 1935 to 1937. Files include Bureau memos, forms, and bulletins; documentation of Culbertson’s travels around the Midwest; speeches by J. Edgar Hoover that were distributed among the agents; and worksheets on identifying fingerprints.
Financial and Real Estate files include information about Culbertson’s real estate holdings, including his office buildings and, in particular, the impressive home he built over a number of years on Richbourg Road in Greenville, referred to occasionally as “Culbertson Castle.” Culbertson took great interest in its construction and furnishing, and many visitors remarked on the unique house, such that he printed up a card describing the house’s history to provide to guests: "Shortly after the Civil War my grandfather, Young Culbertson, built a rock dam across Reedy River in Laurens County.... As a young boy, I became fascinated with rocks and, as the years passed, I marveled at the ingenuity and hard work that my grandfather exercised with primitive tools and manpower in accomplishing this feat.... I began gathering rock at every opportunity, wherever I might be, and hauling them, mostly in my automobile, and stockpiling them until I could get enough to begin. It has not been an easy task but, on the other hand, it has been very rewarding and satisfying.... kept my eyes open for salvage sales when...buildings were being razed, and have been able to utilize these materials rather effectively....Naturally, there are a few ‘booboos’ in construction, as we did not have an architect and I did most of the designing myself without having had any special training for this, but we tried to incorporate sound building principles, and we feel that the building should stand for a long, long time. We take pleasure in conducting little tours for our guests, and hope that you can share with us some of the enjoyment that we have. The John Bolt Culbertson Family."
Funeral and Condolences files document the outpouring of condolence letters, flowers, and cards received by the family following Culbertson’s death, as well as a eulogy delivered at his funeral. There is also information about the South Carolina branch of the ACLU’s posthumous naming of an award in his honor.
Medical files primarily consist of get-well cards and correspondence during several hospitalizations, with some additional material detailing Culbertson’s periodic travel to Houston’s M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in 1982 and 1983 as he battled cancer.
Travel files contain information on Culbertson’s travel, including family trips as well as travel to some trials, speaking appearances, and conferences.
The Topical subseries, the largest in the Personal series, documents Culbertson’s many interests and activities. There are extensive Persons files, containing much of his correspondence with well-known figures such as Thurgood Marshall and Eleanor Roosevelt, and others whom he counted among his friends, including Judge J. Waties Waring, Modjeska Simkins, Olin Johnston, and Hubert Humphrey. Culbertson’s relationship with Judge and Mrs. Waring seems to have begun when, in response to the Warings’ critical public remarks about South Carolinians, the General Assembly approved a resolution to purchase the Warings one-way tickets out of the state. This symbolic move was deplored by Culbertson, then a legislator. He personally apologized to the couple and they struck up a correspondence of many years. In 1951, Judge Waring wrote him: “We are thrilled at your magnificent courage and persistency in supporting the right and decency of citizens in this state and we are thrilled to hear how unwavering you and the very few who are with you have been...”
Culbertson also wrote frequently to Senators Johnston and Humphrey to report on the political situation in Greenville and South Carolina. He described his own activities, passed on local chatter and behind-the-scenes information, and gave perspective on what he perceived as a bias or monopoly among local Greenville media and political leadership. In October 1952, he wrote Humphrey, “We have just concluded a state-wide convention of the NAACP which was held here in Greenville, S.C. Both my [law] partner and I, for the first time in the history of the state, appeared as white participants in panel discussions.... We are having a lot of trouble with the Dixiecrats and Jimmy Byrnes but I am confident that South Carolina will remain in the Democratic column in November and that gradually we will drive these die-hard Dixiecrats into the Republican Party where they belong.”
The subseries also documents Culbertson’s non-legal activities in the labor movement, including his communications and involvement with numerous unions and files on issues such as the labor law reform effort of 1977, on which he testified before Congress. Files on the Southern Workers Association detail an endeavor by Culbertson and others to establish a new local labor union in 1949 and 1950. There is also material pertaining to the 1970s boycott of the J.P. Stevens Company, in protest of the company’s apparent coercion of its employees to vote against unionization, and particularly on the Textile Workers Union of America and Culbertson’s close friendships with several local union representatives.
Files pertaining to Culbertson’s civil rights activism document his extensive volunteer work and speaking tour on behalf of the NAACP, his close friendships with local members and officials, his being threatened by the Ku Klux Klan, and his support of the African-American press in and outside of South Carolina. Among his associates in the NAACP was Esau Jenkins, chairman of the Johns Island chapter, who wrote in 1955 asking for help with the repercussions of his activism in Charleston County: “Dear Lawyer Culbertson: As you go around in the State or elsewhere, please, if you heard of any opening for teachers write my daughters Mrs. Ethel J. Grimball or Mrs. Marie J. Jones, at the above address. Both of these girls finish college with their degrees....the Princaple [sic] came and told me that my daughters will not be able to get the job again because of the Stand I took with the N.A.A.C.P.”
In 1960, Culbertson nominated Jenkins and another local activist, Joe Orr, for the New York Civil Liberties Union’s Florina Lasker Civil Liberties Award, writing, “It is well and good to make awards to people like Thurgood Marshall, Reverend Martin Luther King, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt and a host of others in this category, but sometimes, I think we should recognize that some of the greatest work is performed by little-known and obscure individuals whose work at the grass roots level at terrific personal sacrifice and with great courage, do[es] a job that must be done by someone if the real battle is ever to be won. Their accumulative efforts really build up to where prominent people can do a little, yet apparently accomplish much, but with no recognition going to the people in the background who have made it possible....”
Culbertson subscribed to, promoted, and suggested news items for a number of publications whose readership was primarily African-American, notably John McCray’s Lighthouse and Informer, the most significant such publication in the state. Culbertson wrote to Walter Reuther, then president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), in 1953: “As I sat next to Mr. [Thurgood] Marshall before the program started I had an opportunity to discuss Mr. McCray’s critical financial situation with him and told him I had written you...soliciting some backing for Mr. McCray in order that his paper, with more than eight thousand paid subscriptions, would not fold up at so critical a period in our struggle for full citizenship for all people of South Carolina....I trust that you will pardon my persistence in presenting the facts of this matter to you, but time is awfully important and I sincerely hope that your organization can come to Mr. McCray’s rescue. If you cannot make an outright subsidy perhaps you would be willing to make a loan which several of my friends and I will be willing to underwrite, if necessary.”
- 1968, U.S. Senate
Library use only
From the Collection: 31 Linear Feet
- From the Collection: Culbertson, John Bolt, 1908-1983 (Person)
- From the Collection: Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 (Correspondent, Person)
- From the Collection: Simkins, Modjeska Monteith, 1899-1992 (Correspondent, Person)
- From the Collection: Waring, Julius Waties, 1880-1968 (Correspondent, Person)
- From the Collection: Jackson, Jesse, 1941- (Correspondent, Person)
- From the Collection: McCray, John Henry, 1910-1987 (Correspondent, Person)
Part of the South Carolina Political Collections Repository
Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA