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Butler Black Hare Papers

Identifier: SCU-SCPC-BBH

The collection consists of 1 linear foot of material and one oversized folder, c. 1900 to 2015. The bulk of the collection consists of speeches and clippings, 1928-1932 and 1942-1947. The collection is arranged in five series: General, Speeches, Photos, Clippings, and Vertical File Materials. The papers chiefly relate to his service in Congress and contain little personal correspondence or information.

General papers, 1906-1961 [bulk dates 1910 to 1932] consist chiefly of constituent letters on subjects including the cancellation of European debts and the Home Loan Bank Bill and copies of legislation introduced by Hare. Also present here is Hare’s master’s thesis, “Reconstruction and Its Industrial Effects,” written at George Washington University. Undated items appear to be press releases or typed copies of newspaper articles.

Speeches, c.1900 to 1950 [bulk dates 1942 to 1947], include those Hare delivered on the floor of the House of Representatives and to groups around South Carolina and the South. Some speeches include Hare’s handwritten editing and some are incomplete. The speeches reflect Hare’s interest in topics including military highways, labor, poll taxes, postal affairs, and states’ rights. Speeches are arranged by date.

Photographs depict Hare at various stages of his career and include several pictures of Hare in the Philippines, 1932, his acceptance of an honorary degree from Newberry College, 1945, and some family photographs. Most photographs are copies as the originals were found in poor physical condition.

Clippings, 1906 to 1953 [bulk dates 1925 to 1932], consist of photocopies made from Hare’s scrapbooks. General clippings include stories relating to Hare’s career, campaigns and sponsored legislation. Most are from South Carolina newspapers and include information on Hare opponents James Patterson, John Taylor, and William Jennings Bryan Dorn. Hare’s 1932 trip to the Philippines is well documented by articles from Filipino and American newspapers. Present are copies of editorials authored by Hare for Philippine newspapers. A Family folder contains several clippings relating to Hare’s sons, James Butler and Robert Hayne Hare.

Vertical File Materials contain information gathered by SCPC relating to Hare and may duplicate information already present in the collection.

The oversized folder contains four pieces of promotional literature for Hare’s campaigns of 1930, 1940, 1944 and 1946. Each is a compilation of newspaper articles and editorials documenting Hare’s achievements.


  • c. 1900 - 2015
  • Majority of material found in c. 1928 - 1932 and 1942 - 1947



Library Use Only


1 Linear Feet


Butler Hare served South Carolina's 2nd District, 1925-1933, and 3rd District, 1939-1947, in the U.S. House of Representatives. As chairman of the House Insular Affairs Committee, 1931-1933, he authored the Philippine Independence Act, which began the process of granting independence to the Philippines, a United States possession since 1898.

Biographical Note

Declared the “New Idol of Liberty” by the English-language Filipino Nation, Butler Black Hare (1875-1967) achieved international standing for his work in shepherding the Philippines to independence. Serving South Carolina’s second district in the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1925 to March 3, 1933 and the third district from January 3, 1939 to January 3, 1947, Hare also worked on issues important to the South Carolina farmers he lived with most of his life.

One of nine children, Hare was born near Leesville, South Carolina on November 25, 1875. His father was a Confederate veteran and tenant farmer. Hare graduated from Newberry College in 1899 and held several jobs, including working as secretary for South Carolina representatives George and Theodore Croft and as a professor at Leesville College, before earning a law degree from George Washington University in 1910. He practiced law in Saluda, South Carolina, edited an agricultural journal, and worked for the United States Department of Agriculture before his election to Congress in 1924. He made an unsuccessful bid for the House of Representatives in 1906, losing to incumbent James Patterson.

Hare’s first period of congressional service culminated in the chairmanship of the House Insular Affairs Committee, 1931-1933 [?]. In this capacity, he authored the Philippine Independence Act, which began the process of granting independence to the Philippines, a United States possession since 1898. Redistricting after the 1930 census caused South Carolina’s House delegation to be reduced from seven to six and Hare chose to return to his law practice in Saluda rather than seek another term in the House.

Hare’s second period of congressional service began when he defeated incumbent John Taylor to represent the third district in 1938. Appointed to the House Appropriations Committee, Hare concentrated his efforts on securing better postal service in his district, advocating the creation of a highway system, supporting poll taxes, and opposing the Fair Employment Protection Commission. He was selected to be in a group of legislators to tour Europe and assess its post-World War II condition. Hare was defeated in 1946 by William Jennings Bryan Dorn and again returned to Saluda to practice law. He died on December 30, 1967. Hare was survived by his wife, Kate Etheredge, and son, Robert Hayne Hare. Another son, James Butler Hare, died in 1966.


Donated by Mrs. Butler B. Hare, Rear Admiral and Mrs. Robert H. Hare, and Mrs. James B. Hare.


Copyright of the Butler Hare Papers has been transferred to the University of South Carolina.

Processing Information

Processed by Aaron W. Marrs, 2000.

Repository Details

Part of the South Carolina Political Collections Repository

Ernest F. Hollings Special Collections Library
1322 Greene St.
University of South Carolina
Columbia SC 29208 USA

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